Walking is one of the best exercises and cannot be replaced by any other exercise. Everyone is aware of the benefits of walking, for instance, it can reduce the risk of obesity, stamina, energy, diabetes and many other diseases.
According to a new study moderate walking can reduce the risk of mild cognitive impairment which is caused due to poor blood vessel health in the brain. The researchers from New Mexico Highlands University (NMHU) noticed that foot’s impact while walking creates pressure waves in arteries which can increase the blood supply to the brain.
Earlier it was thought that blood supply to the brain is involuntary and does not get affected by blood pressure generated after exercise. However, the recent research found that impact of the foot during running creates a backward flowing wave through arteries that lead to blood circulation to heart and brain.
To test this effect the researchers used non-invasive ultrasound to determine internal carotid artery blood velocity waves and arterial diameters to measure hemispheric cerebral blood flow on both sides of the brain. Total 12 young participants were involved in the study and their upright, rest and steady walking activities were measured. Walking has less food impact compared to running but still, it can create pressure which increases blood flow to the brain.
The people with vascular cognitive impairment also known as vascular dementia has shown enhanced reaction time and boost in the brain functioning. The detailed study and its findings have been published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Vascular dementia takes place due to damage of blood vessel which is the most common cause of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease.
Regular aerobic exercises also provide long-term health. The six-month aerobic exercise program improved health aspects and have shown improvement in the functioning of the brain. The brain is most vital and metabolic organ which needs a healthy blood supply to deliver oxygen and other nutrients to the brain.