The environmental issues like global warming or sudden climatic change are rising daily, mainly due to human activities. Because of this, 2016 was known as one of the hottest years on Earth.
As per the report shared by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the sudden climate change in 2016, will be seen in 2017 as well.
The report regarding this will be presented to the UN member states, as well as various climate experts, at a high-level conference that will be held on March 23 in New York.
Climate change trend: 2016 weather extremities
The report says that 2016 was a very crucial period with respect to the climatic changes. It was the warmest years in the history of Earth, estimating a rise in temperature by 1.1-degree centigrade above the pre-industrial period, breaking the past record of a 0.06-degree centigrade increase in temperature in 2015.
The happening of the very strong El Nino, in turn, increased the temperature along with long-term climate change, to greenhouse gas emissions. One of the important events of 2016 includes the catastrophic drought, which causes food insecurity to millions of people in Southern Africa, Eastern Africa, as well as Central America.
Severe storms like Hurricane Mathew also resulted in a massive destruction in regions like Haiti, the United States, and Eastern and Southern Asia. In addition to this, Eastern and Southern Asia were affected by heavy rainfall along with floods.
Effects of climate change continues in 2017
As per the recent studies, which were not listed in WMO’s report, heat content in oceans may have increased much more than previous estimates. The Arctic had also faced Polar equivalent heat waves at least thrice this winter.
This provides hints that even during the coldest days of the Arctic Winter, there were some when ice was reaching its melting point. Along with the Arctic, Antarctica’s ice on the sea has also reflected a decline in comparison to the trend seen in the recent years.
David Carlson, the Director of World Climate Research Programme, said that even in the lack of an El Niño in 2017, experts are seeing extraordinary climatic changes across the Earth. This is provoking the present understanding of the climatic system.